Working at Heights
What You'll Learn
Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act in Ontario, most workplaces must ensure that certain workers complete a working at heights training program that has been approved by the Chief Prevention Officer (CPO).
The training requirement is for workers on construction projects who use any of the following methods of fall protection: travel restraint systems, fall restricting systems, fall arrest systems, safety nets and work belts or safety belts.
This training requirement is in the Occupational Health and Safety Awareness and Training Regulation, and is in addition to training requirements under the Construction Regulation.
Who Should Attend
All construction workers before working at heights and using a fall protection system. “Working at height” refers to work that takes place in any circumstance in which a fall could cause personal injury. This includes working on a ladder, a flat roof, or a fragile surface or even in an area near an opening in a floor or a hole in the ground.
Upon completion of this course the trainee should be able to:
- Identify the roles and responsibilities of the employer, constructor (if applicable), supplier, supervisor and worker, with respect to working safely at heights;
- Identify the hazards of working at heights
- Explain the hierarchy of controls (such as elimination, isolation, engineering, substitution, administrative or Personal protective equipment), related to working at heights; Utilize realistic workplace scenarios, use the hierarchy of controls to choose the preferred method of working safely at heights; and explain the limitations of personal protective equipment.
- Describe the types of warning methods (signs and bump lines) and physical barriers (fencing, guard rails, protective coverings) and their appropriate use;
- Identify a minimum of three types of portable ladders and similar equipment and their limitations, and Explain how to properly inspect, use and care for ladders and similar equipment;
- Explain when a travel restraint system, fall restricting system or fall arrest system would be required and the essential components of each;
- Identify situations in which bump lines, barriers, guardrails and safety nets would be appropriate; Identify the regulatory requirements (if any) for bump lines, barriers, guardrails and safety nets; Identify the limitations of bump lines, barriers, guardrails and safety nets; and Identify the specific requirements for strength and design of temporary guard rails.
- Discuss the limitations and the appropriate application of travel restraint, fall restricting and fall arrest systems;
- Explain what an anchor point is; the appropriate location and use of anchor points; Illustrate the differences between permanent anchors, temporary fixed supports, and existing structural features as anchor points;
- Identify the different types of equipment that may be available to safely perform a variety of tasks at heights;
- Identify key components of a fall rescue plan; discuss the roles and responsibilities of employers, supervisors and workers in regards to a fall rescue plan and emergency procedures;
The Working at Heights Basic Theory module contains the following:
- Rights and responsibilities related to working at heights under the Occupational Health and Safety Act
- General hazard recognition for working at heights,
- Hierarchy of controls,
- Safety procedures for warning methods and physical barriers,
- Safety procedures for ladders and similar equipment; and
- An introduction to personal fall protection equipment.
The Working at Heights Practical module contains the following:
- Barriers and safety nets
- Personal fall protection equipment,
- Anchor points,
- Work positioning systems, work access and platforms; and
- Rescue planning.
- Construction Regulations
- Occupational Health and Safety Act